General Information about the Republic of Georgia
Georgia is situated in the South Caucasus region, to the east of Black Sea. The country is neighboring by Russia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, Armenia and Turkey to the South. The terrain is very diverse and different. Georgia is very mountainous region especially in the north where the Greater Caucasus mountainous range and in the South where Lesser Caucasus mountainous range lies. Geographically the country is divided into Eastern and Western halves separated by Likhi range. Located between latitudes 41° and 44° N, and longitudes 40° and 47° E, near the Black sea and influenced by different climates from North and South, Georgia has 13 climate zones.
Terrain and climate Zones:
Here are located one of the highest mountains in Europe: ( Shkhara 5,201 m; Janga (Jangi-Tau) 5,059; Kazbek 5,047; Shota Rustaveli 4,860 m, Tetnuldi 4,858 m ). The main rivers are Mtkvari, Rioni, Enguri, Rioni, Alazani. Major lakes are Paravani (38 km2), Tabatskuri (14 km2, Keli (1,3 km2), Ritsa (1,5 km2), Toba-Varchkhili lakes.
Different climate zones and terrain provides for Georgian wide variety of agriculture products. In Eastern Georgia, watermelon, peach, grapes, apple are produced, while in Western Georgia mainly subtropical fruits such as tangerines, orange, nuts, Kiwi.
Culture, Religion and Territory
Georgia is located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia and have been a silk road country. Because of these reasons, its culture and traditions are diverse and reflect different cultural traits. It is small country, covers only a territory of 69,700 square kilometers and has population of 3.7 million. The largest cities are: Tbilisi with 1.3 ml, Batumi with 137 thousands, Kutaisi 232 thousands, Rustavi 160 thousands. Different cultures and countries widely influenced Georgia’s culture. Here can be found almost major religions. The majority of Georgians are Orthodox Christians, but also some people belongs to Protestantism, Catholicism, and other Christian denominations. Other religions are also Islam (10 % of the population), Gregorian Christianity (4 Catholicism%).